Since prolonged periods indoors deprive us of precious fresh air, sun and being in the presence of nature, it is no surprise that large indoor plants are a trend that has lasted from season to season.
Indoor plants not only rebuild our connection to nature and the outdoors but there is also a multitude of health and wellness benefits in filling your home with large indoor plants.
Rubber Plant (Ficus Elastica)
Those large glossy leaves mean that this plant has everything to do with business, and will purify your air of unpleasant toxins. Keep them thriving with some bright indirect light and good water once a week.
Pro Tip: To add additional texture and pattern, opt for a variety of samples, such as Tineke and lemon variety. Just keep in mind that to keep the stunning pattern in the foliage, these guys have slightly higher light requirements.
Yucca is a hardy plant that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It grows quickly if sufficient light is provided. Both yucca plants inside and outside have low water needs and are even slightly drought tolerant. Light fertilizer can help establish the plant by growing yucca in containers but is not needed for established plants.
For better performance of potted yucca plants, the soil should retain some of the water and nutrients. A three to one mixture of sand and peat is a good way to grow yucca in containers.
Care of the yucca houseplant may include moving the plant out when the temperature has warmed in the spring or summer. Ice or freezing can damage the cassava houseplant. When moving the growing yucca into outer containers, you should place them in an area with gentle morning sun and afternoon shade.
Kentia Palm (Howea Forsteriana)
It is one of the most resistant houseplants. When compared to other palm trees, this large plant can be kept in a place that receives indirect sunlight. However, its elegant beauty and durability for indoor growing conditions, has made the Kentia a popular palm indoors, especially in temperate climates where outdoor conditions are too cold for this tropical beauty.
In the native environment of Kentia, it grows and blooms in sandy soil, which provides the much-needed drainage that the palm requires for healthy growth. Although it grows on a variety of soils, as long as they drain well, adding some fertility to the medium promotes good growth.
This classic plant is among the most popular house plants and is considered one of the easiest to grow. The lacy philodendrons, also commonly known as laurel leaf philodendrons, are a large tree native to Brazil’s rainforests. It requires space to grow them indoors as they tend to spread.
They grow to a height of about three feet, but their width may be near twice their height. Care with the Philodendron is simple, as the plant can readily adapt to any indoor environment. It can thrive all year round and grow well in a west or southeast window.
The philodendrons grow best in medium light and bright indirect sunlight. Older leaves turn yellow naturally.
However, if you notice several yellow leaves at one time, it may be an indicator that the plant is getting too much sun. They will tolerate little light, but if the stems are strung with several inches between the leaves, you may need to move the plant to a brighter location.
The Split-leaf philodendron also called a deliciosa monstera, is a large, popular, easy-to-maintain houseplant that does not belong to the philodendron family. There is great confusion about what to call this plant; the various names have become interchangeable over the years. Some other names for this plant are window leaf plant, ceriman, and Mexican breadfruit plant.
These plants are native to the jungles of Mexico, Panama, and India, they have large heart-shaped leaves that, as the plant matures, separate from the edge of the leaf to the central vein. These slits in the leaves are called cuts.
A split-leaf philodendron grows rapidly and often has leaves that are up to 3 feet. long and 2 feet. If you want a large, tropical, low maintenance plant, this is perfect. The leaves, stems, and roots of a philodendron of separate leaves contain oxalic acid.
Schefflera (Umbrella Tree)
The Schefflera plant also called an umbrella, is a fantastic houseplant and landscape plant. It is known to be resistant even in cases of negligence or poor growth conditions. Not demanding, it produces beautiful foliage. Whether it’s to create a bonsai or simply to liven up a dark corner, the dwarf umbrella trees are great for growing.
Like most houseplants, this does not like to be kept constantly damp. Overwatering will lead to rot of the root and then leaf spot and perhaps powdery mildew.
Saber Fig (Ficus Alii)
Ficus Alii (Ficus maclellandii), commonly called banana leaf, is a species native to Southeast Asia, India and China. Easier to care for than your cousins, Ficus Benjamina, and Fig Leaf Fiddle.
Ficus Alii is also less likely to drop its leaves due to imperfect environmental conditions. This makes an inner tree less intimidating, but not less dramatic.
Similar to most ficus trees, the Alii should be placed where it will receive lots of indirect light. It does not do well with prolonged periods of direct sunlight, however, this plant will not tolerate low light conditions. The ideal is to place it directly in a window facing east or a few meters from a window facing south or west.
Ficus Alii prefers soil that is consistently and evenly moist. You only want to allow the 1 “- 2” top of the soil to dry between waterings, but avoid excess water because they are still susceptible to root rot, despite their high humidity requirements. These plants do particularly well on self-filling containers.
Macho Fern (Nephrolepsis Biserrta ‘Macho’)
Also known as the giant sword fern, think of this guy as a Boston fern on steroids. This large inner plant has broad fronds growing outwards not unlike a Sideshow Bob’s hairstyle.
It’s one of the easiest and toughest ferns to take care of.
Humidity is key: a regular haze in addition to keeping the soil moist, but not soggy; is appreciated by the Macho fern. The bright light stained as she would receive in her original home of the rainforest will help this fern to thrive.
Also endorsed as a fabulous large indoor plant by Flower Power Garden Centers, the Kentia palms are a particularly large indoor large plant option. Rather slow growth, this large indoor plant requires a bit of nurturing but rewards you with beautifully sculptural foliage that makes a real statement in a space.
With a little patience and the right attitude, Kentia will also become one of your favorite plant. When it comes to re-potting, these guys prefer to be left alone instead of being moved from vessel to vessel.
The soil must be very well-drained to avoid root rot and bright, indirect light is best – although tolerant to slightly lower light conditions.
African Milk Thistle (Euphorbia Trigona)
For those who like things on the thorny side and have a spot that gets plenty of light and even a little morning sun, the Euphorbia trigona is a large indoor plant. With thin, pointed stems lined with rows of smaller leaves that grow like main stem chandeliers, these succulents are an exotic addition to your plant gang.
Soak deeply and allow the water to drain easily and ensure that they can dry before watering again. They can be re-packaged once a year if you want to see it grow. Fertilizing every few months will also encourage growth.
Norfolk Island Pine
Norfolk Island Pine is not a true pine although it looks like one. In its natural habitat, this majestic tree can grow up to several hundred feet (65 m) high. However, when grown as a houseplant, its height was reduced to only 2-3 m.
Norfolk Island pines do not require frequent fertilization, but when it does, use only half the recommended normal rate. You can also use any complete soluble fertilizer, including liquid foods for foliar plants applied as a mist to improve foliage response.
Fertilize older plants every three to four months and re-stored or newly purchased every four to six months. Try to limit the times when you move your tree to a new container as they have a weak root system that can be hampered by jerky movements.
Norfolk Island pines only need to be transplanted every three or four years using a commercially available potting mix.