There is no clear definition as to what ceiling cracks are because as the name implies, they are cracks in the ceiling.
However, the ideal thing to do when you find these cracks is simply to plan a free inspection with a reliable contractor.
Contractors can easily check the cracks in a bid to determine the severity of the damage or crack and let you in on the next steps that you will need to take. Most times, these ceiling cracks are nothing to worry yourself about.
Types Of Ceiling Cracks
It would amaze you to know that the cracks you find in your ceilings actually have diverse types. Some of these ceiling cracks include:
1. Fine And Straight Cracks
These are the types of cracks that can be caused when a drywall joint was not adequately mudded or probably taped. The tape may not be sticking properly to the drywall and the next thing, a crack appears directly where the edge of the tape is.
This crack can be ignored, or you can apply a little bit of drywall compound to the loose tape and easily stick it back.
2. Discolored Crack
When you find cracks, you can check them out if they are brown or yellow. However, they are most times caused as a result of a water leak. Immediately the leak is fixed, you can simply re-tape the drywall and make it look new once more.
If the drywall is either soft or looks swollen, you may have no choice but to replace the entire section.
3. Small Spiderweb Cracks
Most times, a thinned drywall compound is used in making a textured ceiling. But, if the compound was applied very thickly, it can crack in all of its directions.
The cracks can be covered using a layer of thin drywall compound. Also, you can sand off the old compound to re-apply it again.
4. Horizontal Cracks Between The Wall And Ceiling
This crack can be caused by something known as truss uplift. Trusses used in holding up the roof of the home are structured to move just a little bit to absorb transformations that are caused by humidity and temperature.
Now, the truss can either move in an upward direction and lift the ceiling along with it. While this will not cause any structural issue, however, if you feel you need to repair it, then you will need to hire an expert as you will not be able to fix it yourself.
5. Ceiling Cracks In Plaster Ceilings
Living in a home with plaster ceilings and you start noticing cracks, have it in mind that these cracks may be as a result of moisture or/and movements. These small cracks can be easily repaired by the application of plaster.
However, if the cracks are big and some sections of the plaster are beginning to fall off, you may need to remove the plaster and swiftly install it with a drywall section.
6. Large Cracks And A Bowed Ceiling
If your ceiling should happen to be sagging, you will need to have the issue addressed immediately. If there is something heavy above the ceiling, it can make the ceiling sag. With this, you will surely need to move out heavy objects.
Some other cause may be the elimination or removal of a wall bearing loads or damage to the support design. Issues like this will need the attention of a structural engineer or contractor to inspect the crack.
Situations like this one will need immediate attention before it gets worse than it already is.
Cause Of Cracks
There are diverse reasons why your ceiling may be getting cracks and the majority of the reasons most times lead back to a problem with the foundation of the home.
Some of the causes include:
1. Deterioration over time
A major cause of cracks is the overall deterioration of your home. It is most common in homes that have been built for years. The cracks in either the ceilings, walls, or the floor may just be a natural aspect of the aging procedure of your home as it slightly settles over time.
2. Water Seepage
Damages caused by moisture is another regular cause of cracks in the ceiling. These cracks can form as a result of moisture problems in either the floor above the ceiling or the roof.
Moisture issues are as a result of poor drainage or water-proofing. They lead to very crucial foundation problems.
3. Foundation Settlement
Once your foundation starts to sink or settle over time, it may likely result in cracks in the ceiling, walls, and some other areas of your home. Foundation issues can result in crucial structural damage and should never be taken lightly. It should be fixed all at once.
How To Fix Ceiling Cracks
There are so many diverse products as well as methods that one can use in repairing the foundation of the home and preventing cracks in the ceiling. Some of the products you can use include:
• Helical Piers
• Steel Piers
• Helical Tieback Anchors
• Plate Anchors
No matter the solution that is ideal for your ceiling situation, it is vital that you have the issue fixed as soon as possible. This is because you will need to prevent more crucial problems from arising like the crack expanding.
The cracks in your ceiling are most times caused by settling of the home as well as contraction and expansion formed during that exact setting.
Steps Of Repairing Ceiling
In repairing a crack in the ceiling, you can follow these steps as they include:
• Make use of a utility knife to score the crack to remove loose plasters or any other
material that may as well be inside the crack
• Use mesh tape to hide the crack. It will enable the mud to bind directly to the plaster
easily, and this will make the repair to be much stronger
• If your ceiling is the popular drywall, you will need to add screws to hold the two
halves properly and make the crack to be even on the two sides
• The next step is to apply the joint compound on the taped ceiling cracks
• Immediately the joining compound is dried, sand the ceiling to be smooth
Finally, prime and paint the ceiling once more.