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Design Your Zen Garden With These 3 Essentials

History Of Zen Gardens

On a general note, the art and craft of Japanese garden have continuing to thrive till this very moment, after been in existence for roughly one thousand three hundred years in Japan, and the last one hundred and fifty years in diverse points of east and west.

It is complex to give a definite reason for the almost automatic endearment of these very amazing spaces. Japanese gardens are capable of capturing the essence of the powerful natural world, as well as having the ability to adapt easily to any site or topography.

Although that Japanese garden design is very common and varies in types, most of the time, people are only familiar with the Zen or Japanese garden in public park settings.

However, there are elements from the Japanese zen garden, that even though you don’t have a complete zen garden set, you could integrate them into your non-zen garden as well.

Aesthetic Principles Of Zen Gardens

There are four core principles of a Japanese design aesthetic for the zen garden. They include:


    Covered up places, to create a more concealed atmosphere for your garden, walkways could be covered with elements such as bamboo or walls. Those elements aid in creating a sense of mystery, and inspire people to walk further down the path to discover more about the garden.

    To achieve this aesthetic, you should think of surrounding trees and plants, see how the space picked can hide and reveal itself from diverse angles all around the garden. This method could be used in other areas of your home as well, to create the same philosophical atmosphere.


    Rather than perfect circles or even straight lines, Zen aesthetics lends itself towards unexpected flowing organic shapes that are natural and not so wild. This is driven from the Japanese belief, that you can find beauty in everything, it doesn’t have to have a very neat or perfect shape.


    The Zen garden strives to be a conceptualized artistic representation of nature. In the traditional Zen garden, huge and upright rocks mimic mountains or possibly islands that are arranged in the gravel sea.

    And, weathered, beaten rocks that may have pits and crags notched into its surface signify the impact of nature. When you arrange the biggest rock surrounded by some smaller ones, it signifies a mountain surrounded actively by foothills.

Borrowed Scenery

    Borrowed scenery in Zen garden simply means “incorporating background landscape into the composition of a garden,” Zen garden majorly incorporates the environment and landscape to creatively influences the entire garden scene. The Zen garden can be situated to utilize neighboring trees, interesting buildings, or even a hilly view that is beyond a patio, window, or garden.

Things Needed For A Zen Garden

Basically, the design of a zen garden is simple with rocks and sand forming the major elements. They are minimalist, and each of the element carries a powerful symbolism that makes up a well-planned design.

To create a Zen garden, you will be needing:

Gravel or Sand

    Either crushed granite, small pebbles or fine gravel are spread all across the flat surface of the zen garden. They should be more angular than round, so they can be taken into patterns

Stone forms

    This plays a significant role in a zen garden. Large stones are supposed to be arranged strategically all over the flat surface, which is composed of small stones. The diverse stone shapes represent elements such as water, earth, fire, air, and metal.


    The garden incorporates just a little vegetation, but most contain lichen or moss. However, weathered rocks with lichen are prominent in zen gardens. If plants are included, they are low spreading species.

How Seasons Relate To Zen Garden

There are cues to be taken from the Japanese gardening methods to evoke the tranquility, and peace that these gardens actually inspire. Every season is vital for the Zen garden.

A season like summer in the Japanese garden,n is the season of green and not the display of perennials or flowering shrubs in the Western gardens.

As for fall, it allows you to reflect, and the drop of every colorful leaf signifies the end of the year.

While winter is a period of rest for the garden and it is also a time to view the scaffold of the leafless trees and how snow dresses the evergreen plants.

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